Irina Aristarkhova (University of Michigan) reorients the question of the matrix as a place where everything comes from (chora, womb, incubator) by
recasting it in terms of acts of "matrixial/maternal hospitality" producing space and matter of and for the other. Building on and critically evaluating a wide range of historical and contemporary scholarship, she applies this theoretical framework to the science, technology, and art of ectogenesis (artificial womb, neonatal incubators, and other types of generation outside of the maternal body) and proves the question "Can the machine nurse?" is critical when approaching and
understanding the functional capacities and failures of incubating technologies, such as artificial placenta.